Gwadar (Balochi/Urdu: گوادر) is a port city on the southwestern coast of Baluchistan, Pakistan. The city is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea opposite Oman. Gwadar was an overseas possession of Oman from 1783 to 1958. It is about 120 km (75 mi) southwest of Turbat, while the sister port city of Chabahar in Iran's Sistan and Baluchistan Province is about 170 km (110 mi) to the west of Gwadar. The main industrial concern is a fish-processing factory; salt is obtained by the evaporation of seawater. Gwadar became part of the sultanate of Muscat and Oman in 1797, and it was not until 1958 that the town and adjoining hinterland were exchanged from Oman to Pakistan.
Baluchistan possesses great unexplored potential of metallic and non-metallic minerals. Presently, the minerals being exploited are: coal, chromite, barytes, Sulphur, marble, iron ore, quartzite and limestone.
AGRICULTURE in Baluchistan has a huge economic potential. Many areas in the province are suitable for the growth of rewarding crops such as pistachios, almonds, walnuts and apricots, etc. However, owing to multiple factors the true potential of agriculture is not being realized.
Baluchistan is historically known for the production of horticultural crops especially pome & stone fruits, nuts, grapes and dates. Farmers are mostly engaged in the production of fruits and vegetables. There had always been a need for trained professionals in this important sector of our economy.
The fisheries of Baluchistan can be divided into four main sub-sectors. These are 1) marine capture; 2) brackish coastal water (coastal aquaculture); 3) inland open water capture; and 4) inland closed water (freshwater aquaculture).
The Livestock contributes 55% of Agriculture value added, 11.4% of National GDP of Pakistan and more than 47% in the economy of Baluchistan. Around 93% area of the province comprises rangelands out of which just 28% are considered fair to good for livestock production.